Describing the not criminally responsible population in Alberta’s history: Sociodemographic, mental health, and criminological profiles

  • Andrew M. Haag Alberta Health Services University of Alberta, Psychiatry University of Alberta, Psychology
  • Jeremy Cheng University of Alberta
  • Robi Wirove University of Saskatchewan
Keywords: Not criminally responsible, the Alberta NCR project, demographics, forensic mental health, violence, mental disorder

Abstract

This is the first paper to look at the entire population of those found Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder (NCR) in Alberta, Canada. The Alberta NCR Project examined longitudinal data from the NCR population to describe sociodemographic, mental health, and criminological profiles. Data were collected for the period of 1941 (i.e., the first known case in Alberta) to October 15, 2015, using archived patient chart information. The majority of Alberta NCRs have not completed high school, are diagnosed with some form of psychosis, and were found by the court to be NCR due to a violent crime. The Alberta NCR population has grown by an average of seven NCR accused per year and, of those who have reached absolute discharge, each person spent an average of 5.7 years under the Alberta Review Board (the provincial body that oversees those found NCR). Those who committed a homicide had significantly longer hospitalizations than those under every other crime category, except attempted homicide.

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Published
2016-11-18
How to Cite
HaagA. M., ChengJ., & WiroveR. (2016). Describing the not criminally responsible population in Alberta’s history: Sociodemographic, mental health, and criminological profiles. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 1(3), 68-74. https://doi.org/10.35502/jcswb.24
Section
Original Research