Delineating policing towards a social and health profession


  • Uzma Williams MacEwan University, Edmonton, AB
  • Daniel J. Jones MacEwan University, Edmonton, AB



Interprofessional and multi-disciplinary collaboration, diversity, mental health, police, Compass Police Response (CPR) Model, Police Use of Force Framework


This article suggests potential reforms required to address shortcomings of the policing profession in response to contemporary challenges. Police reforms that de-emphasize enforcement and promote policing as a helping profession are discussed. This stance is presented because police calls for service commonly involve complex human behaviour that includes mental health factors (including addictions) and diversity. Police officers require extensive training and education on mental health and diversity, which should include regular specialized training advancements in professionalism, interpersonal skills, and behavioural (non-verbal and verbal) response. All police officers have to deal with mental health and diversity, and, as such, an appropriate helping model (that adopts certain skills from health and social professions) should be incorporated into law enforcement practices and training. The Compass Police Response (CPR) Model is presented for consideration in police reform as well as a revised representation of the Police Use of Force Framework. The authors posit that policing should include increased collaboration with health and social professions. The support of other community disciplines and health systems is necessary to adequately address reforms required in the policing profession.


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How to Cite

Williams, U., & Jones, D. J. (2020). Delineating policing towards a social and health profession. Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 5(4), 156–163.



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